Sarojini Naidu was an Indian independence activist and also a well-known poet. She was born in Hyderabad and was educated in Chennai, London and Cambridge. Ahgoranath Chattopadhyaya, father of Sarojini Naidu was a scientist and was the founder of Nizam college, Hyderabad. Also, her mother Barada Sundari Devi was one of the famous poets in Bengali. Due to the richness of imagery and emotions in her poems, Sarojini Naidu was called as the Nightingale of India.
21 Must Know Facts About Sarojini Naidu
Here are more interesting facts about Sarojini Naidu:
- Sarojini Naidu’s first work into literature was a play named ‘Maher Munner’ and has impressed Nizam of Hyderabad and he awarded her a scholarship to study.
- She studied first at King’s College, London and later at Girton College, Cambridge.
- Sarojini Naidu passed her matriculation examination from the University of Madras.
- Her father Aghoranath Chattopadhyaya holds doctorate of Science from Edinburgh University.
- While in England, she came into contact with Nobel laureate Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse. Gausse is the one who advised her to stick to Indian themes and focus her poetry on contemporary Indian life and events.
- Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of Indian National Congress.
- She was the first woman to become the governor of state in India.
- She married Dr Govindarajulu Naidu at the age of 19 and Dr Govindarajulu was Non-Brahmin.
- Sarojini Naidu has joined the Indian National movement in 1905.
- She was sent to jail along with Gandhi and other leaders during the Civil Disobedience Movement.
- She was arrested during the Quit India Movement and was jailed for 21 months along with Gandhi.
- Sarojini Naidu used to call Gandhi as “Mickey Mouse”.
- She became the first woman governor of Independent India and was commissioned in Uttar Pradesh.
- Sarojini Naidu released a collection of poems in 1905 and collection piece was released posthumously by her daughter in 1961.
- She was also a part of Salt Satyagraha in 1930.
- Sarojini Naidu started her literary career at the age 12.
- A number of educational institutions were attributed to the legend Sarojini Naidu.
- She was called the “Nightingale of India” because of her literary works.
- Sarojini Naidu was present at the Asian Relations Conference in Delhi in 1947.
- She is the eldest of eight siblings and her brother Verendranath Chattopadhyaya was a revolutionary and another brother Harindranath was a poet, a dramatist and an actor.
- Sarojini Naidu died of cardiac arrest at 3:30 PM on March 1949 at the Government House in Lucknow.