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What Are the 3 Types of Hearing Loss?


Hearing loss can be a difficult thing to deal with. It can impact your life in many ways, from your ability to communicate with others, to your quality of life. Hearing loss means getting a hearing aid to help you hear better.

There are three types of hearing loss: conductive, sensorineural, and mixed. In this blog post, we will discuss each type of hearing loss in detail. If you are experiencing any symptoms associated with hearing loss, it is important to see a doctor immediately!

types of hearing loss

The Three Types of Hearing Loss

Hearing loss in general is broken down into three types:

1. Conductive Hearing Loss

Conducive hearing loss occurs when there is a problem with the outer or middle ear, and sound cannot travel through the ear properly. This type of hearing loss is often temporary and can be treated with medication or surgery.

However, some people with conductive hearing loss may require a hearing aid.


Causes of conductive hearing loss include:

  • Earwax build-up
  • Fluid in the middle ear
  • Perforated eardrum
  • Benign tumors
  • Otosclerosis (a condition that results in the abnormal growth of bone in the middle ear)

2. Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common type of permanent hearing loss. It occurs when there is damage to the inner ear or the auditory nerve. This type of hearing loss cannot be treated with medication or surgery, and often requires a hearing aid.

Causes of sensorineural hearing loss include:

  • Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis)
  • Noise-induced hearing loss
  • Inner ear damage from a virus
  • Meniere’s disease (a disorder of the inner ear)
  • Acoustic neuroma (a benign tumor on the auditory nerve)
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic brain injury

Sensorineural hearing loss is usually permanent, but there are some treatments that can help. Cochlear implants are one option for people with this type of hearing loss.

Cochlear implants are devices that are surgically implanted into the inner ear. They work by translating sound waves into electrical signals, which are then sent to the brain.

This can help people with sensorineural hearing loss to hear some sounds and improve their quality of life.


Hearing aids are also a common treatment for sensorineural hearing loss. Hearing aids amplify sound so that it is easier to hear. There are many types of hearing aids available, and your doctor can help you choose the best one for you.

If you have sensorineural hearing loss, it is important to see a doctor for regular check-ups. This is because sensorineural hearing loss can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition, such as Meniere’s disease or an acoustic neuroma.

3. Mixed Hearing Loss

Mixed hearing loss is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. This means that there is damage to both the outer or middle ear and the inner ear or auditory nerve.

Mixed hearing loss can be treated with a combination of medication, surgery, and/or a hearing aid. The type of treatment will depend on the severity of the hearing loss.

The first symptoms of hearing loss can be hard to notice. It is important to see a doctor if you think you or someone you know might have hearing loss. This way, you can get the help you need to treat hearing loss and improve your quality of life.

How Can We Prevent Hearing Loss?

There are many things you can do to prevent hearing loss. Here are a few tips:

  • Wear earplugs or noise-canceling headphones when exposed to loud noises, such as when using power tools or listening to music.
  • Avoid smoking, as it can damage the blood vessels in your ears and lead to hearing loss.
  • Exercise regularly, as this can help improve blood circulation to your ears.
  • Eat a healthy diet, as this can help reduce your risk of developing diabetes or high blood pressure, both of which can lead to hearing loss.

If you think you might be experiencing hearing loss, see a doctor for a hearing test. Hearing tests are painless and can help you get the treatment you need to improve your hearing.

Don’t wait to get help for hearing loss. The sooner you seek treatment, the better your chances are of preventing further hearing loss and improving your quality of life.

Bottom Line

Hearing loss is a common condition that can have a significant impact on quality of life. There are three main types of hearing loss: conductive, sensorineural, and mixed. Treatment options vary depending on the type and cause of hearing loss.

If you think you may be experiencing hearing loss, it is important to see a doctor or audiologist for a diagnosis and to discuss treatment options.