What is Sperm Banking?


As infertility rates increase, a lot of and more couples are using aided procreative technologies (ART), together with insemination and IVF, to achieve their dreams of parentage. The inflated demand for these procedures has resulted in a rise in sperm cell banking.

A sperm bank also referred to as a cryobank, may be a facility that collects, freezes, and stores human sperm cells. The sperm cell kept at a depository is either given by men to be utilized by couples seeking sperm donations for insemination or IVF procedures or is provided by men who need to preserve their own sperm cell for future use.

In this article:

Why Do Men Choose to Bank their Sperm Cell for Future Use?
Why Do Men Donate Sperm?
How Does Sperm Banking Work?
How Do You Know if a Facility is Reputable?

All You Need to Know About Sperm Banking

Why Do Men Choose to Bank their Sperm Cell for Future Use?

Male fertility can be compromised by a variety of factors and life events. Sperm banking offers men an insurance policy in the event that their fertility is diminished at the time in their life that they’re able to father a baby.

what is sperm banking

  • Age may be a key conducive factor to declining sperm cell count and sperm cell quality. As a result, some men prefer to bank their spermatozoon while they’re young to make sure they have healthy sperm cells down the road.
  • Certain cancers and cancer treatments jeopardize sperm quality and fertility, so men facing these health conditions may choose to bank sperm before undergoing surgery or beginning chemotherapy and radiation.
  • Sperm banking is additionally useful for couples who are attempting to get pregnant via aided procreative technologies, and the man travels extensively or is deployed within the military. Banking sperm ensures that there’ll be sperm cells out there once it’s time to do the procedure.
  • Finally, some men who are selecting to have a vasectomy, a surgery that involves cutting the tubes that carry sperm cells throughout ejaculation, need to bank sperm cells just in case they wish to have additional children following the vasectomy.

Why Do Men Donate Sperm?

Donated sperm is in high demand. As a result, men will earn cash by donating sperm, which is then sold to infertile couples undergoing ART. While sperm cell banks have completely different qualifications and necessities, turning into a sperm cell donor usually needs health screenings and tests, all of that is performed by the facility at no price to the potential donor.

Donated sperm cell is then cryopreserved (kept frozen) till it’s sold-out, once more at no price to the donor. In most cases, the sperm donor has the option of donating anonymously, or he can choose to release his personal information to couples interested in purchasing donated sperm. In addition to earning cash, some men feel good regarding donating sperm cells because it helps others reach their dreams of turning into parents.

How Does Sperm Banking Work?

Advancements in technology have created sperm cell banking comparatively convenient and reasonable. To begin the method, a man will go to a facility and provide a semen sample. Or, he will use one among a number of FDA-approved home kits to gather a sample within the privacy of his own residence and send the sample to a clinical lab for storage. This technique will help reduce the anxiety and stress that accompanies semen collection at a sperm cell banking facility.

Once the sperm cell sample has been collected, the banking facility will typically perform an analysis on the sample to determine sperm count and motility, along with screening for sexually transmitted diseases and other infections. The spermatozoon sample is then transferred to specially designed vials, and a cryopreservative compound is superimposed to help protect the health of the sperm cell throughout state change and thawing. The vials are placed in the freezer, and the temperature is gradually decreased to the below freezing.

The annual fees for sperm cell storage are completely different at every facility however usually no more than a few hundred bucks a year are. Sperm is unbroken frozen for several years, and using frozen sperm cell doesn’t increase the chance of birth defects. When a person needs to withdraw his sperm cell, he should notify the sperm cell banking facility and request that sperm cell be shipped to his doctor or a medical facility.

How Do You Know if a Facility is Reputable?

Before deciding that bank to use for sperm cell storage, make sure to do your preparation. Ask concerning laboratory certification, state licenses, and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) compliance, and be sure you are aware of any fees associated with storing and withdrawing sperm.

And, if you’re reaching to purchase given sperm cell from a depository, there are many, many factors to consider. FDA laws need that sperm cell banks to accommodate standards for screening and testing of donors, maintain proper records, and undergo compliance audits. However, outside of those laws, sperm cell banks are permissible to determine their own pointers associated with the collection and sharing of donor data and limitations on the number of births from any one donor.