Cramps before period is a very normal phenomenon but when you get cramps but no period, you have a reason to be worried. Since you are used to lower abdominal cramps during period, anytime you suffer from such cramps, you end up associating it with period. There are various other situations which may cause abdominal pain similar to your menstrual cramps.
Reasons Why You Get Cramps But No Period
1. You’re pregnant
The initial symptoms of pregnancy includes lower abdominal cramps around the time near your period date. The pain is caused by the fertilized egg that gets implanted into the outer layer of uterus. If you’ve missed a period and experiencing such cramps, get yourself tested or set up an appointment with your doctor.
2. Pain due to gas
Sometimes due to gas built up you end up experiencing abdominal pain that could be similar to period cramps. Try to detox yourself by drinking lot of water and perform some light exercises to relieve gas. Eat clean and keep yourself hydrated to avoid such situations.
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is triggered by eating disorders linked with stress and is characterized by constipation or diarrhea and bloating. It can cause severe abdominal cramps as well. The cramps are identical to menstrual cramps and can confuse you. Visit your doctor for proper treatment of this condition.
4. Inflamed colon
If you’re getting cramps but no period, you could be suffering from inflamed colon. Diseases like diarrhea and constipation can inflame your colon and cause abdominal cramps accompanied by changed bowel movements, blood in your bowel and fever chills.
5. Lactose intolerance
Food intolerance can lead to discomfort in your stomach. Lactose intolerance can cause significant abdominal cramps but no period. Lactose intolerance is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting as well. Try to avoid dairy for sometime to see if the cramps disappear. If the pain persists, visit a doctor without any delay.
6. The ovulation phase
Two weeks after your last period, your reproductive system starts ovulating again. This phase causes cramps. There is no need to worry about the mid-month cramps as they are normal signs of ovulation. Usually ovulation pain can be experienced only on one side of your stomach.
Read More: Spotting Before your Period: Are you not OK?
7. Cystic ovary
Some women develop cysts on their ovaries. When these cysts rupture, it causes abdominal cramps. Cysts are mostly harmless but if you experience unusual abdominal pain then it’s always recommended to visit a doctor. Cystic ovary not only causes cramps but also cause delayed or early period.
8. Ectopic pregnancy
In rare cases, a fertilized egg fails to reach the uterus. It starts growing in other part of the reproductive system like fallopian tubes. These organs do not have ample space for the egg to grow into a foetus and creates complications in the pregnancy. This condition is called ectopic pregnancy and causes unwanted lower abdominal cramps. It may be accompanied with vaginal bleeding that could be mistaken for period blood.
Read more: Signs and Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy
9. Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory diseases of PID are usually associated with sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and chlamydia. PIDs cause lower abdominal cramps but no period. It’s always a good idea to get a check-up done to avoid any confusions.
Miscarriage causes extreme abdominal cramps. It may happen even before you realise that you’re pregnant. It is accompanied with bleeding as well. If you’re experiencing abnormal and extreme abdominal cramps, it is advisable to visit a gynecologist and get a diagnosis done.
Read more: 11 Early Signs of Miscarriage
Endometriosis is the process in which the outer lining of the uterus grows. It can happen at any time of the cycle and causes abdominal pain. It is a very normal process and if you have doubts then see a doctor.
Inflammation of your appendix can cause ugly cramps. The pain originates from the belly button and spreads to the lower abdomen. Appendicitis should be taken seriously and a visit to the doctor is a must to avoid complications.
13. Urinary Tract Infection
One of the most common symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection is lower back and abdominal pain. It is accompanied by fever, painful urination and constant feeling to urinate. Always watch out for these other symptoms so that you don’t confuse the cramps with period pain.
14. Ovarian Cancer
Cancer is a scary disease but diagnosis at the right stage can make it curable. Ovarian cancer is one condition that causes lower abdominal pain along with bloating and loss appetite. If you’re experiencing cramps but no period, get yourself checked by a doctor without any delay.
15. Stress and anxiety
Stress and anxiety can trigger stomach cramps. Even after a healthy meal if you experience stomach pain with no sign of period, it could be stress. Panic attacks due to anxiety are also characterized by abdominal cramps and nausea.
If you experience unusual pain in your abdominal area, it is best to rush to the nearest clinic instead of wasting time on self-diagnosis. Look out for other signs like spotting, bloating or inflamed urination- they can help you figure out the exact reason for the cramps. A healthy diet along with exercise always keeps your body balanced and ensures such unusual conditions don’t affect your system. Now that you know all the reasons for cramps but no period, you know what you need to do the next time you experience it.